NIPUN Axom Mission

The NIPUN Axom Mission has been launched in Assam on 16th November, 2021 by the Honorable Chief Minister of Assam, Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma, along with the Honorable Education Minister of Assam, Dr. Ranoj Pegu, with an objective to ensure achievement of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy skills by all children by the end of Grade 3.
In order to achieve this objective, the state has initiated different programs to build awareness of the community, parents, teachers, and students. This includes launch of NIPUN Axom theme song, posters, booklet etc.


The vision of NIPUN AXOM is to create an enabling environment ensuring the universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy so that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading with comprehension, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.

Teaching Learning Materials

To work with foundational stage learners, i.e. in the age group of 3-9 years, teachers may require a variety of Teaching Learning Materials (TLMs) to get children engaged in meaningful activities.

Along the same line, the state has developed a total of 214 learning materials which includes conversation charts, grids, instructional design, word cards, letter cards, sentence cards, barnawali cards, etc.

Teachers can make use of TLMs in a number of ways as mentioned below :

Use the existing materials, activities, worksheets, toys etc. for achieving pre-determined early learning outcomes

Create a print-rich classroom environment in the form of word walls, story books, etc. to help children develop literacy skills

Encourage children to read "written words" wherever available like newspaper, wall slogans, hoardings in school, advertisements etc.

Use indigenous/ locally available materials which are low cost or no-cost. Ensure that children can manipulate the materials & have safe accessibility

Design different areas like Reading Corner, Math Corner & Creative Corner to encourage free play, self-learning, socio-emotional learning, etc.

Teacher Professional Development

In view of the challenges of in-service teacher training across the different stages of school education, NCERT has designed an innovative and integrated programme for teacher training, now popularly known as NISHTHA (National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement).

One of the special features of NISHTHA is its interactivity with teachers. It provides teachers opportunities to not only share their concerns and problems with the Resource Persons but also to present solutions to these problems through their activities and presentations

NISHTHA 3.0 for NIPUN Bharat (Pre-primary to Class V)

NISHTHA 3.0 aims at achieving the major objectives of FLN based on the recommendations of NEP 2020. There are 12 courses covering the following topics:

Course 1: Introduction to FLN Mission

Course 2: Shifting towards Competency-based Education

Course 3: Understanding Learners: How Children Learn?

Course 4: Involvement of Parents and Communities for FLN

Course 5: Understanding 'Vidya Pravesh' and 'Balvatika'

Course 6: Foundational Literacy

Course 7: Multilingual Education in Primary Grades

Course 8: Learning Assessment

Course 9: Foundational Numeracy

Course 10: School Leadership for Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

Course 11: Integration of ICT in Teaching, Learning and Assessment

Course 12: Toy-based Pedagogy for Foundational stage

Every teacher and school headmasters will be expected to conduct action research to immediately solve problems related to foundational learning in the classrooms and will also develop low-cost innovative TLMs as follow-up activities of the capacity building programme. Face-to-face training will be conducted by the SCERTs at the state level.

DIKSHA (Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing) is the national digital platform for school education in India, an initiative of National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and Ministry of Education.


Continuous support to the teachers for their professional development through digital infrastructure to ensure desired learning outcomes in school education

How DIKSHA can improve children's FLN skills

Educational content will be aligned with the curriculum

Provide teaching-learning content in regional languages for FLN grades

Educational content will be learner- centered

Provide competency-based question banks and other assessment tools

Using DIKSHA to enable Teacher Professional Development

Defining training objectives

Stitching together courses on DIKSHA

Onboarding of teachers

Training the state support teams

Communication and outreach

Using DIKSHA to enable student learning
Examples of programmes adopted for student learning:
Energized Textbooks


Assessment is vital in tracking children's progress in a continuous and comprehensive manner. It aims at early identification of learning gaps at each foundational stage i.e. at FYI-1, FYI-2, FYI-3, FYI-4, FYI-5 and FYI-6 including children with special needs, so that there can be possibilities of early intervention through referral.

Holistic and purposive assessments through different techniques help the stakeholders to :

Identify the child's strengths, needs, interests and preferences

Collaborate to solve issues and areas of concern

Potentiate the child's performance and scaffold it through interventions

Enable early identification of learning gaps and learning difficulties

NIPUN Bharat suggests two broad categories of assessments:

School-Based Assessment (SBA) by the teachers: for assessment of the individual child’s progress

Large-scale Achievement Survey: for assessment of the processes and functioning of the educational systems (such as NAS, SAS, and third-party assessments)

Teachers to conduct assessments in a number of ways including the ones provided below:

1.One of the important techniques of assessment during foundational learning is ‘observation’. It involves observing children on a continuous basis to understand their level of abilities, interests and learning styles

2.Based upon the observations, the teacher needs to plan for each learning area, tailoring it according to the learning needs and styles of the children

3.Test at least 10 items at two proficiency levels to measure each learning outcome of each subject for each grade for each child. Use backward and forward linkages of LOs to establish student proficiency.

Institutional Structures

A five-tier implementation mechanism for the mission is set up at the NATIONAL-STATE-DISTRICT-BLOCK-SCHOOL level

Roles & responsibilities as stated in NIPUN Bharat guidelines:
Steering Committee
To ensure the strategy that is devised matches the aims of the FLN mission and the results are being achieved
To operationalize the FLN programme
To play an advisory role for the success of FLN mission in the state
To ensure the strategy that is devised matches the aims of the FLN mission and the results are being achieved
To meet on a quarterly basis to review the progress of the project against the milestones set
State Project Management Unit (SPMU)
To support the state mission on FLN, to develop a State Action Plan (SAP) and extend support to the districts
To meet on a quarterly basis to review the progress of the project against the milestones set
To collaborate and coordinate with State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) for developing strategies and targets for achievement of learning outcomes
To extend support to implement the FLN road map and achieving the yearly milestones
District Project Management Unit (DPMU)
To ensure the strategy that is devised matches the aims of the FLN mission and the results are being achieved
To conduct monthly/quarterly meetings with education functionaries (teachers, DIET, BEEO, CRCCs etc.) to review the progress of the programme and address the challenges emerging at the ground level
Block Project Management Unit (BPMU)
Work as a bridge between the district and the schools
Provide continuous support in academic requirements, awareness generation, training and handholding of teachers and SMCs
Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) Cell
Monitor activities related to Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)
Prepare modules, handouts, assessment tools, record keeping tools, etc. and providing academic support in classrooms